NATIONAL SYMBOLS OF BHUTAN

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NATIONAL FLAG


national-flagThe National flag is divided diagonally into two equal halves.

The upper yellow half signifies the secular power and authority of the king while the lower saffron-orange symbolizes the practice of religion and the power of Buddhism, manifested in the tradition of Drukpa Kagyu. The dragon signifies the name and the purity of the country while the jewels in its jeweled claws stand for the wealth and perfection of the country.

 

 

 

 

 

NATIONAL SPORT


national-sportThe national sport is the Archery (Dha). The bow and arrow play a significant role in many Bhutanese myths and legends; images of the gods holding a bow and arrows are considered especially favorable.

Archery was declared the national sport in 1971 when Bhutan became a member of the United Nations. Bhutan also maintains an Olympic archery team. Archery tournaments and competitions are held throughout the country. Archery is played during religious and secular public holidays in Bhutan, local festivals (tsechu), between public ministries and departments, and between the dzongkhag and the regional teams.

 

 

 

 

NATIONAL EMBLEM


The National Emblem of Bhutan is a circle that projects a double diamond thunderbolt placed above the lotus.

There is a jewel on all sides with two dragons on the vertical sides. The thunderbolts represent the harmony between secular and religious power while the lotus symbolizes purity. The jewel signifies the sovereign power while the dragons (male and female) represent the name of the country DrukYul or the Land of the Dragon.

NATIONAL BIRD


national-birdThe national bird is the raven.

It adorns the royal crown. The raven represents the deity Gonpo Jarodongchen (raven headed Mahakala), one of the chief guardian deities of Bhutan.

 

 

 

 

 

 

NATIONAL ANIMAL


takinThe national animal is the Takin (Burdorcastaxicolor) that is associated with religious history and mythology.

It is a very rare mammal with a thick neck and short muscular legs. It lives in groups and is found above 4000 meters on the north-western and far north eastern parts of the country. They feed on bamboo. The adult Takin can weigh over 200 kgs.

 

 

 

 

 

NATIONAL FLOWER


national-flowerThe national flower is the Blue Poppy (Meconopsis Grandis).

It is a delicate blue or purple tinged blossom with a white filament. It grows to a height of 1 meter, and is found above the tree line (3500-4500 meters) on rocky mountain terrain. It was discovered in 1933 by a British Botanist, George Sherriff in a remote part of Sakteng in eastern Bhutan.

 

 

 

 

 

NATIONAL TREE


national-cypressThe national tree is the cypress (Cupressustorolusa).

Cypresses are found in abundance and one may notice large cypresses near temples and monasteries. This tree is found in the temperate climate zone, between 1800 and 3500 meters. Its capacity to survive on rugged harsh terrain is compared to bravery and simplicity.